Traffic measures

During the Tokyo 2020 Games, we will implement a number of traffic measures such as the following:

Transportation management during the Games

During the Tokyo 2020 Games, we will work to provide safe, smooth transportation for Games personnel and spectators while facilitating the continuation of life in the Tokyo metropolitan region.

If no specific measures were undertaken in terms of road traffic and public transportation during the Games, it is anticipated that regular traffic volume would worsen and would lead to expressway and rail service congestion.

To address these challenges, partners and organisations will work together to provide highly reliable transportation services during the Tokyo 2020 Games while maintaining daily activities by implementing transportation management and creating a favourable transportation environment with the cooperation on the part of numerous businesses and residents.

Objectives during the Games

We have established the following objectives for the Games:

In terms of road traffic, we will strive to implement favourable traffic conditions to ease road congestion at hours needed for Games operations.

Road traffic

General traffic

We will strive to reduce traffic volume by 30 per cent in downtown areas (in priority initiative zones*) compared to normal pre-Games levels; 10 per cent in the larger Tokyo metropolitan area (areas lying inside the Ken-o Expressway) compared to normal pre-Games levels; 10 per cent on regular roads in the larger Tokyo metropolitan area compared to normal pre-Games levels and; 30 per cent in entering and leaving priority initiative zones.

Additional traffic reductions on the Shuto Expressway

We will mirror conditions on holidays by reducing traffic volume on the Shuto Expressway, which forms the core of the Olympic Route Network in the Tokyo metropolitan area, by 30 per cent.
(We will rely on TDM and additional measures to achieve this goal.)

Public transportation (Railway)

・In terms of public transportation (rail service), we will adopt measures to address traffic congestion.

*The 2020 TDM Promotion Project identified 16 priority initiative zones in order to maintain healthy economic activity in the central area of many competition venues and facilitate the surge of people and traffic passing through congestion points on roads and rail lines.

For more information, see 2020 TDM Promotion Project Priority Initiative Zones, in Japanese only.

Transportation demand management (TDM)

Transportation demand management (TDM) refers to initiatives designed to ease congestion on roads through the regulation of transportation demand by promoting changes in peoples’ transportation habits, limiting traffic volume, and levelling out concentrated use, for example by promoting efficient use of cars and use of alternatives such as public transportation. At the Tokyo 2020 Games, TDM spearhead efforts to regulate transportation demand including not only road traffic, but also rail service and other public transportation.

2020 TDM Promotion Project

Working with the Tokyo Metropolitan Government and the Japanese Government, the Tokyo 2020 Organising Committee is working to provide safe, smooth, efficient, and highly reliable transportation. To do so, it launched the 2020 TDM Promotion Project to implement transportation demand management initiatives designed to ease congestion during the Tokyo 2020 Games while taking advantage of the Tokyo 2020 official programme.

The Bureau of Olympic and Paralympic Games Tokyo 2020 Preparation, Tokyo Metropolitan Government, is registering companies and other parties that wish to cooperate to implement these initiatives.

Reducing traffic demand through toll measures

1. Approach to toll measures

Even if overall traffic volume declines as a result of TDM, it will be necessary to take additional measures to keep the Shuto Expressway free of congestion. If there is tendency for traffic volume to surge due to the increase of the number of Games-related vehicles and other related use, then a sustained reduction and dispersion of traffic demand will be necessary during the Games, which will last about one month.

Additional measures may include license plate regulations and HOV lanes, but due to structural problems on the Shuto Expressway (for example, two lanes in each direction), we believe toll measures which access the existing ETC system are most appropriate.

It will be important to formulate toll measures based on different factors such as effectiveness in keeping traffic flowing on the expressway, the impact of traffic restrictions including those imposed by TSM, the effect of traffic congestion on regular roads, and the extent of the economic burden imposed by tolls.

2. Approach to implementing toll measures

With regard to the Shuto Expressway, which forms the core of the ORN/PRN in the Tokyo metropolitan area, we will promote dispersed use of vehicles by offering evening discounts and only increasing toll prices during daytime hours to accommodate increased traffic demand during the Games and to sustain the effectiveness of TDM throughout the Games dates.

Smooth operation of Games transportation > Application limited to Games dates

The following measures will be applied over the 35-day period from Monday 20 July 2020 to Monday 10 August (a public holiday) and from Tuesday 25 August to Sunday 6 September:

Promoting shifts in traffic by introducing night-time discounts

50 per cent night-time discount for ETC-equipped vehicles (all lanes on the Shuto Expressway)

To balance transportation needs while maintaining daily urban urban life, additional tolls will not be applied to these distribution vehicles, which lack alternative routes, but will apply only to personal and other vehicles to limit any shift from regular roads to the Shuto Expressway during daytime hours.

Toll measures will not apply to the following vehicles: public transit vehicles in cases where it would be difficult to switch to an alternative mode of transportation, distribution vehicles, vehicles transporting individuals with impairments (individuals with physical, mental or psychological impairments), and social welfare vehicles (vehicles used exclusively in Class 1 or Class 2 social welfare programs).

Personal and other vehicles will be subject to an additional toll of ¥1,000 in the Tokyo area.

Target vehicle types

The evening discount will apply to all vehicles to move traffic out of congested time periods (except cash paying vehicles).
The additional toll will have exceptions as outlined below:

Transportation system management (TSM)

Transportation system management (TSM) refers to initiatives undertaken to maintain smooth traffic flow by limiting traffic and restricting entry in areas where traffic is heavily concentrated on roads, even after overall traffic volume has been reduced by means of TDM. To provide safe and smooth transportation for Games personnel, we will create a transportation environment for the Olympic Route Network and Paralympic Route Network by reducing traffic volume in downtown areas and progressively implementing restrictions, for example limiting vehicles allowed to pass through-lane toll plazas and closing on-ramps according to traffic volume.

Traffic measures

1. Wide-area measures

We will encourage vehicles in large areas to utilise detours by installing horizontal banners on pedestrian overpasses over major roads such as radial and loop roads and communicating the same information using traffic information displays.

2. Traffic measures near venues

Detour areas

We will establish and restrict access of vehicles entering venue areas and will create a road delineation (primarily roads with separate sidewalks) around the venues including transportation-related areas (eg. off-venue shuttle bus embarkation/disembarkation areas, off-venue personnel parking areas, etc.).

Those roads will comprise what is known as the traffic perimeter.

We will install detour signs along the established traffic perimeter and on major roads with assigned personnel to guide traffic as necessary, and we will restrict entry of vehicles into the established traffic perimeter.

Restrictions on access to the traffic perimeter will not apply to people living or doing business inside the traffic perimeter.

Traffic restriction areas

There will be traffic restrictions in areas immediately surrounding venues and we will limit traffic passing through those areas with personnel assigned to guide traffic.

Restrictions on access will not apply to people living or doing business inside the traffic perimeter (with some exceptions).

Exclusive-use lanes, priority lanes, etc.

We will establish exclusive-use and priority lanes for Games-related vehicles in areas around venues and take steps including parking measures and traffic signal coordination based on local conditions.

For more information about traffic measures for individual venues, see venue pages.