Competitors shoot at a target with a “rifle ” or “pistol ” firearm and compete by score. The competition is divided into several events based on the type of firearm (airgun or rifle), the distance to the target (10m, 25m or 50m), and the shooting position (standing or prone). Competitors in wheelchairs shoot from their wheelchair in standing events, and shoot with their elbow placed on a shooting table in prone events. Shooters are classified into either of the following categories according to their status of impairment: SH1 (competitors who are able to support the firearm with their own arms); or SH2 (shooters requiring a regulation stand to support their firearm). Each shot is worth a maximum of 10 points. To achieve the maximum score, air rifle shooters must hit the centre of the target, which is only 0.5mm in diameter. The further the shot is from the centre, the lower the score. If a shooter misses the target, the score is zero.
Shooting as a sport is believed to have originated in Europe in the 15th and 16th centuries with the advancement of firearms, and it has achieved worldwide popularity over time. The sport has been in the Paralympic programme since the Toronto 1976 Paralympic Games.
Limb deficiency (impairment of lower limb function)
As of the Rio 2016 Paralympic Games
Courtesy of the Tokyo Metropolitan Government's Bureau of Tokyo 2020 Olympic and Paralympic Games Preparation (as of January 2016)
- Asaka Shooting Range