In the skateboarding competitions, there will be two disciplines: park and street. For the park competition, a course that combines a dome-shaped bowl and a variety of complex curves will be used. For the street competition, a street-like course with stairs, curbs, slopes and rails will be used.
Skateboarding is essentially a free performance competition. When competitors perform the same tricks, judges will take into account such factors as speed, height and combinations of moves. The composition of the overall routine is also a major factor in scoring. In both disciplines, skaters are scored based on the degree of originality, composition, style, and consistency. In the park competition, the height and speed with which air tricks are performed are evaluated, while in the street competition, the overall board control competitors exhibit while performing various tricks is taken into account during assessment.
There are various theories on the origins of skateboarding, but it is widely held that the sport began in the 1940s when surfers attached rollers to boards to emulate surfing when there were no waves. In Japan, the sport became popular in the 1970s, with the Harajuku district of Tokyo becoming a focal point for skateboarders. Competitions began to be held in the 1980s, and a number of large and small facilities designed specifically for skateboarding opened at the time around the country. Recently, public skateparks have opened in areas all over Japan, and skateboarding is attracting parents who want to enjoy sports with their children.
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