images of Shooting

Olympic Sports



In the shooting events, competitors are judged on the accuracy of their shooting at a designated target.

Rifle shooting
Competitors shoot at the centre of a target placed at a distance of 10 to 50 metres.
* Rifle
10m target, air rifle: 4.55cm diameter (centre of target: 1.4 m above the floor)
50m target, rifle: 15.44cm diameter (centre of target: 0.75 m above the floor)

* Pistol
50m target, pistol: 50cm diameter (centre of target: 0.75 m above the floor)
25 m target, pistol: 50cm diameter (centre of target: 1.4 m above the floor)
10m target, air pistol: 15.55 cm diameter (centre of target: 1.4 m above the floor)

Clay target shooting
Using a shotgun, competitors shoot at a clay saucer target catapulted into the air. There are three types of events: trap, double trap and skeet.

Key Points

Shooting events are distinguished by the type of firearm, the shooting position, and the number of shots fired. This sport requires mental rather than physical strength. The key to success is focus.
Rifle shooting is an extremely precise sport in which the winning of a medal is affected by only the slightest deviation of a shot from the target centre. In the final competition, the score of each shot is announced and displayed on a scoreboard. With the total scores shown on the electronic scoreboard, spectators can witness the moment that each single shot changes the ranking. The game's development is easy for spectators to follow, providing breathtaking excitement. In clay target shooting, competitors shoot at a target flying at a speed of 22 to 30m/s with a shot travelling at a speed of over 300m/s. Instant decision making and precision are required in this sport. It is thrilling to see a shot hitting and breaking a target into pieces amid a tense atmosphere.


Rifle shooting dates back to 15th and 16th century Europe with the advancement of firearms technology. Later, rifle shooting as a sport spread across the world, and the sport made its Olympic debut at the Athens 1896 Games. Since then, this sport has been a part of the official programme of every edition of the Olympic Games, with the exception of the Amsterdam 1928 Games. Rifle shooting now is so popular worldwide that it attracts the second largest number of participating countries after athletics. Clay target shooting dates back to the late 18th century, when European nobility released and shot pigeons to simulate hunting. Today’s clay shooting uses clay saucers instead of pigeons. This sport made its Olympic debut at the Paris 1900 Games.

Courtesy of the Tokyo Metropolitan Government's Bureau of Tokyo 2020 Olympic and Paralympic Games Preparation (as of January 2016)

Competition Venues

  • Asaka Shooting Range

Olympic Sports

Paralympic Sports