Cycling competitions are divided into track, road, mountain bike and BMX events.
Track cycling includes the sprint and keirin events, and road cycling includes events such as the individual road race and the individual time trial.
The attractions of cycling races are the speeds generated by the cyclists and the thrill of the chase.
Needless to say, well developed leg muscles give competitors an advantage, however, races largely depend on how to overcome air resistance occurring with speed.
Skilful cornering, tactics against other competitors, and teamwork in the team events are also among the attractions of Cycling.
The bicycle is thought to have been invented at the end of the 18th century.
It was originally a hobby tool; a rider sat astride its frame with two wheels (front and rear) and kicked the ground to move forward.
Cycle racing began soon after the bicycle was invented, and race distances gradually increased as bicycles developed into more sophisticated modes of transport.
In the 1890s, the current style of racing began, and developed along with advances in bicycle production technologies and the widespread paving of road surfaces.
Cycling has been an Olympic sport since the Athens 1896 Olympic Games.
Women's cycling was contested for the first time at the Los Angeles 1984 Olympic Games.
Since the Atlanta 1996 Games, professional riders have been allowed to compete, and at the same time mountain bike racing (cross country) was added to road cycling and track cycling.
At the Sydney 2000 Games, the Keirin event, which were developed in Japan, were added to the track events. At the Beijing 2008 Games, BMX racing also became part of the Olympic programme.
Courtesy of the Tokyo Metropolitan Government's Bureau of Tokyo 2020 Olympic and Paralympic Games Preparation (as of January 2016)
- Olympic BMX Course
- Izu Velodrome
- Izu Mountain Bike Course
- Musashinonomori Park
- Fuji International Speedway