Competition area: 10m × 10m
Duration: Men - five minutes; Women - four minutes
Judo is a body-to-body combat sport. The athlete who earns the higher technical score wins. This sport is more than just a martial art: it places focus on mental training, and all matches begin and end with a respectful bow.
The main features of judo are the various techniques applied in a tense contest, including throws and holding techniques. The success of a throw depends on instantaneous tactical decisions. Holding techniques are applied during ground fighting after throwing. The most dynamic winning technique, the shoulder throw, is a must-see. This technique represents the fundamental principle of judo: softness subdues hardness.
Judo was created in 1882 by Jigoro Kano, who studied the ancient Japanese combat technique of jujutsu. Since then, judo has achieved worldwide popularity and become one of the world's most practiced sports. Men's judo made its Olympic debut at the Tokyo Games in 1964. Women's judo made its first appearance at the Seoul Games in 1988 as a demonstration sport and has been in the official Olympic programme since the Barcelona 1992 Games. At the Tokyo 1964 Games, the sport was classified into four weight classes (openweight, heavyweight, middleweight, and lightweight). Later, it was further subdivided, and currently there are seven classifications for both men and women.
Courtesy of the Tokyo Metropolitan Government's Bureau of Tokyo 2020 Olympic and Paralympic Games Preparation (as of January 2016)
- Nippon Budokan