Doping Control during the Games
What Is Doping Control?
Doping control comprises collecting samples from an athlete, analysing the sample to detect whether it contains a prohibited substance and/or to detect the use of a prohibited method, taking measures depending on the result of the analysis (“result management”), and conducting all other related procedures.
There are two types of testing: In-Competition Testing and Out-of-Competition Testing. In-Competition Testing refers to a period commencing 12 hours prior to the competition and finishing after the end of the competition, and the sample collection process related to said competition. Out-of-Competition Testig takes place at any period which is not within the In-Competition period.
At the Tokyo 2020 Games, Tokyo 2020 will conduct testing, and sample analysis will be conducted by a WADA-accredited laboratory . The International Olympic Committee and the International Paralympic Committee (the respective governing bodies for the Olympic Games and the Paralympic Games) will carry out “result management” procedures.
The IOC delegates the result management process to the Court of Arbitration for Sport.
A urine and/or a blood sample will be collected from an athlete. In such cases as a urine sample is required, the athlete will collect the sample himself/herself. However, to ensure that the sample has been provided from the athlete's body and that no other dishonest practice has been committed, a specialist of the same gender as the athlete will be present during the sample collection.
The dope testing procedure is explained in this video.
Sample Collection Personnel
A specialist official is known as a Doping Control Officer (DCO). When blood samples are required, these will be taken by a specialist known as a Blood Collection Officer (BCO) who is a specially trained professional medical license holder.
A “chaperone” will notify an athlete who is selected for doping control, and will monitor all activities undertaken by the athlete until the sample collection process. At the Tokyo 2020 Games, volunteers will perform the role of chaperones.
While chaperones do not hold any specialist qualifications, the DCO and the BCOare required to undergo lectures and training sessions provided by JADA and obtain authorised certification.